OrderPaperToday – It is not in doubt that women all over the world have been underrepresented in political leadership despite calls from different quarters for gender equality. However, research on women’s representation conducted in various parts of the world by different scholars highlight factors such as electoral systems, economic disparities, and political cultures as being responsible for the status quo.
In Nigeria, available data indicates that women are still poorly represented in parliament, indicative of very low and slow progression of women in positions of political authority. In this special report, OrderPaper Nigeria digs the data on female lawmakers in the House of Representatives from 1999 to date.
Key facts and figures…
Commencing from the 4th assembly (1999- 2003) to the current 9th assembly, there have been a total number of 116 women elected into the House of Representatives. This is within a space of 21 years and 6 election circles.
The data shows an oscillating pattern of increase and decrease across the period under review. Thus while there were 11 women elected into the 4th assembly, the current 9th assembly has 13 females, almost twice less than the numbers in the assemblies in-between.
Within this period, it is notable that 27 out of the 36 States and the Federal Capital Territory (FCT) in the country have elected women to represent certain constituencies in the House.
Thus, the following 8 states and the FCT have never produced a woman as representative in the House: Bauchi, Jigawa, Katsina, Kogi, Niger, Sokoto, Taraba and Zamfara.
In terms of political party platforms, the Peoples Democratic Party (PDP) boasts of a total number of 75 out of the 116 women who have been members. This is against the background of the fact that the PDP was the ruling party in the country for 16 years until 2015 when it gave up that prized position to the All Progressive Congress (APC) which has recorded a total number of 16 women elected into the House on its platform so far.
Here’s the dashboard from 1999 to 2020:
The 4th assembly line-up:
The 5th assembly line-up:
The 6th assembly line-up:
The 7th assembly line-up:
The 8th assembly line-up:
The 9th assembly line-up:
- The Gender Reporting Series is part of the Gender Resource and Champions Emancipation (GRACE) project of OrderPaper Advocacy Initiative, the non-profit arm of OrderPaper Nigeria